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Sanofi Canada

2905 Place Louis-R.-Renaud
Laval, Quebec, H7V 0A3

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Five Essential Tests Everyone with Diabetes Needs to Have

You are looking to have controlled diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to complications over the long term. In order to reduce your risks of developing these complications, you need to discuss these next essential tests with your healthcare team.


A1C blood test

Keeping your blood glucose levels in control is key when you have diabetes. The A1C is a blood test that measures your average blood glucose level over the last 2 to 3 months. This test shows whether your blood glucose level stayed close to your target range, or whether it was too high. Your doctor will test your A1C approximately every 3 months. If your A1C level is too high, you doctor may need to adjust your medication. Know what your A1C is.

Blood pressure

It is important to maintain good blood pressure of 130/80. Know your numbers.

Cholesterol test

Cholesterol is the word used for certain fats found in the blood. LDL (which is short-form for low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol is the "bad cholesterol" that deposits fats in your arteries and blood vessels. These deposits narrow your arteries and vessels, making it harder for blood to flow through them normally, which increases your risk of heart attack or stroke. High levels of LDL cholesterol are very common in people with diabetes, making it very important that you have your blood tested for LDL cholesterol regularly. If your cholesterol level is too high, you may need to take medications to lower it. You can start lowering your LDL cholesterol with more exercise and eating healthily. Discuss this with your healthcare team.

Albumin/creatinine ratio (or ACR) test

When you have diabetes, you are at a higher risk of developing kidney disease. An albumin/creatinine ratio (or ACR) test is a urine test that looks for kidney disease. You should have this test done every 6-12 months. Your doctor may prescribe medication to delay damage to your kidneys.

Foot care

Because diabetes affects your body's blood circulation and its ability to heal itself when it gets injured, over time, it damages the body's nerves in the hands and feet. Foot exams are important when you have diabetes. The reason for this is that if you get a blister or cut on your foot, you may not feel it and if you don't notice a blister or cut on your foot for some time, it can become infected, which can lead to serious complications. Each time you visit your doctor, take off your shoes and socks to have your feet examined. You should have a complete examination of your feet once a year.

Eye exam

Having uncontrolled diabetes can cause changes in the retina, which is the layer of tissue at the back of your eye,. These changes are called retinopathy. This is why you need to have eyes examined every 1-2 years when you have diabetes. You need to see an eye specialist to have these tests done. During an eye exam, your doctor will dilate your pupils and check for signs of eye disease.