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Sanofi Canada

2905 Place Louis-R.-Renaud
Laval, Quebec, H7V 0A3

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Content :

What is the Glycemic Index?

The glycemic index is a scale that ranks carbohydrate-rich foods by how much they raise your blood glucose levels compared to a standard food. Foods with a high glycemic index raise blood glucose levels more quickly. Try to choose foods with a low or medium glycemic index so that they raise your blood glucose levels more slowly, keeping them more stable.


Here's a chart that shows you low, medium and high glycemic index foods:

Low GI (55 or less) Choose most often √√√


  • 100% stone ground whole wheat
  • Heavy mixed grain
  • Pumpernickel


  • All Bran™
  • Bran Buds with Psyllium™
  • Oat Bran™


  • Barley
  • Bulgar
  • Pasta/noodles
  • Parboiled or converted rice


  • Sweet potato
  • Yam
  • Legumes (lentils, chickpeas, kidney beans, split peas, soy beans, baked beans)
  • Nuts

Medium GI (56-69) Choose more often √√


  • Whole wheat
  • Rye
  • Pita


  • Grapenuts™
  • Puffed wheat
  • Oatmeal
  • Quick oats


  • Basmati rice
  • Brown rice
  • Couscous


  • Potato, new/white
  • Sweet corn
  • Popcorn
  • Stoned Wheat Thins™ (crackers)
  • Ryvita™ (rye crisps)
  • Black bean soup
  • Green pea soup

High GI (70 or more) Choose less often √


  • White bread
  • Kaiser roll
  • Bagel, white


  • Bran Flakes
  • Corn Flakes
  • Rice Krispies™


  • Short-grain rice


  • Potato, baking (Russet)
  • French fries
  • Pretzels
  • Rice cakes
  • Soda crackers

The glycemic index rates foods by numbers and classifies them as low, medium and high.

  • Low glycemic index foods have a rating of 55 or less and include most fruits and vegetables, legumes, whole grains, and nuts.
  • Medium glycemic index foods have a rating of 56 to 69 and include whole wheat products, basmati rice, and baked new or white potatoes.
  • High glycemic index foods have a rating of 70 and above and include white bread, short-grain white rice, Bran Flakes, Corn Flakes and Rice Krispies.

Since there is no diabetic diet and the emphasis is on portion and balance, it is suggested to choose foods with a low or medium glycemic index at each meal whenever possible. Cook over low heat for short periods of time to help maintain a lower glycemic index. Eating a food in its most natural state is the healthiest choice for you.